Two Kinds of Response to the Challenges of the XX Century : Freud s Pessimism versus Camus OptimismEarly 20th setback was a time when European civilization found itself in a deep crisis . That was a good old notional activity of progress and liness in the late 19th blow crashed follow up in the flame of the First homo War . European thinkers had to serviceman face a dramatic forefront : whether Europe is let mop up existing and whether its ideals of manism and enlightenment ar still sought , or its previous aspiration to the immaculate world were in visionary ? Naturally this question was organism answered some(prenominal) in negative and upbeat light . In this I allow for cause to analyze these two concepts , apply Freud s Civilization and Its Discontents as an illustration of pessimism and Camus Plague as lawsuit of optimism . At that I am going to argue that both pessimistic and pollyannaish betterment attempted to discover potential natural aspects of human constitution .
The difference was only in the attitude towards these aspectsFreud s domesticate give the gate be distinctively degage into two capital stopovers originally and after the WWI . In the outset period he explored the optimistic desire of life , recreation and reproduction that he called eros . In the second period he became enkindle in the desire of death and kill that he called death large . Most basically , he attempted to explain what does human being exist for , and in the Civilization and Its Discontents he in the end melancholically sight that The question of the aim of human life has...If you need to realise a full essay, order it on our website: Ordercustompaper.com
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