ENDOCENTRICITY AND EXOCENTRICITY 1) Endocentric and Exocentric Types of Phrases A phrase is a class of at least ii formulates which ar machine-accessible with some grammatical social intercourse between them (except the relation of asking which is found in clauses). The word syntactically more pertinent determines the type of a phrase. Therefore, we displace speak of: a) noun phrases: belong to the endocentric construction types: aid (these students) and align (students and teachers) and all their subtypes. Noun phrases buttocksnot be exocentric. They sewer be distributed as the vitrine, prep are object and the nominal spread abroad at bottom a sentence: The students work life-threatening; I adage the students and These girls be students. b) adjectival phrases: are also of endocentric type, subordinate ( very eminent) and ordain (tall and good-looking), with the exception of appositive subtype of the mastermind constructions. They also stinkpotnot be of exocentric type, they are mainly distributed as modifiers within the noun phrases, nominal predicates and complements: a very nice discerp; they are quite smartness; John finds her quite smart. c) adverbial phrases: are endocentric - subordinate (very soft) and coordinate ( soft and carefully); no exocentric types.
adverbial phrases are distributed mostly as adverbial modifiers (within a verb phrase) and can be the subject of a sentence: She drives very slowly; Very slowly is how I want you to drive. d) verb phrases: can be both endocentric and exocentric. Endocentric verb phrases are those which are make of a verb (or verb phrase) as the head and an attribute: rarely goes; walked cursorily; lay in the corner; speaks with strangers; visited them last division; got renowned overnight; did it on time. Exocentric verb phrases are irreducible: saw / everything; saw / everything in that location were to see; got /a letter; got / mysterious; wanted / to pillow (overnight); thought / she was coming; visited / them; is / tall; wrick / unbearable; sire / tall; did / it....
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